GenusEpithetVarietyColourHeight

 

MonardadidymaAdamPure Red120cm

 

MonardadidymaAquariusViolet90cm

 

MonardadidymaBeauty of CobhamPale Pink/Burgundy calyx90 - 120cm

 

MonardaPunctataBlue BeebalmYellow with puple spots90 cm

 

MonardadidymaBlue StockingViolet Blue60 - 90cm

 

MonardadidymaCambridge ScarletScarlet90 - 100cm

 

MonardadidymaCoral ReefLight and dark Pink60cm

 

MonardadidymaCranberry LaceRich Magenta60cm

 

MonardadidymaCroftway PinkPink60cm

 

MonardadidymaDidymaPink and Red100 - 150cm              

 

MonardadidymaEarl GreyDeep Red/Crimson Bracts60 -75cm

 

MonardadidymaElsies LavenderRich Lavender60 cm

 

MonardapunctataFantasyPink with Yellow centre100 - 120cm

 

MonardadidymaFireballBright Carmine90 - 120cm

 

MonardadidymaGardenview ScarletBright Red120 - 140cm

 

MonardadidymaGeminiDusky Red Flowers90cm

 

MonardadidymaGewitterwolkeDark Red/Purple90cm

 

MonardadidymaHartswood WineRich Purple60cm

 

MonardadidymaJacob ClineFiery Red60 - 90cm

 

MonardadidymaKardinalPlum Red90cm

 

MonardadidymaLibraPink80cm

 

MonardadidymaLoddon CrownReddish Purple/Brown calyx120 - 150cm

 

MonardadidymaMahoganyRed with Pink90cm

 

MonardadidymaMarshalls DelightDeep Pink80 -100cm

 

MonardadidymaMelissaRose Pink/Purple calyx90 - 110 cm

 

MonardadidymaMohawkViolet with Lavender centre90 - 120cm

 

MonardadidymaPanoramaBright Red60 - 90cm

 

MonardadidymaPink LacePink tinged with Purple40cm

 

MonardadidymaPink SupremeCerise Pink75 - 90cm

 

MonardadidymaPink TourmalineRaspberry Pink90cm

 

MonardadidymaPiscesPink edged with dark Pink60cm

 

MonardadidymaPrarie NightLilac/Purple120cm

 

MonardadidymaRuby GlowDark Pink80cm

 

MonardadidymaSagittauriusDeep Carmine Red60cm

 

MonardaPunctataSaxon PurplePlum Purple

 

MonardadidymaSchneewitchenPure White90cm

 

MonardadidymaScorpionPurple/Red90 - 120cm

 

MonardadidymaSiouxWhite with Pink edges60cm

 

MonardadidymaSnow QueenWhite80cm

 

MonardadidymaSquawBright Red90 - 120cm

 

MonardadidymaSugar LaceLight and dark Pink60 cm

 

MonardadidymaVintage WineWine Red90 - 120cm

 

MonardadidymaViolet QueenDeep Purple90cm

 

 

 Glyn Bach Gardens  (Gerddi Glyn Bach)

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Glyn Bach Gardens holds a National Collection of Monarda; these beautiful plants grow well in the warm, wet,  climate of West Wales.  They are used throughout the garden to provide colour, form and nectar for our diverse and plentiful population of long tongued bumble bees.

 

Didyma species are usually red in colour and grow best in damp conditions.

 

Fistulosa species are the largest grouping and are white, pink and purple predominately; these grow in drier conditions.

List of Monarda  cultivars held:-

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Monarda have real impact in a perennial border or in prairie planting schemes.

 

They originate from the East coast of America and are really classed as a woodland edge plant so the flowers tend to last longer in semi shade;  in full sun the flowers fade more quickly, although still reasonably long lasting.

 

Mildew is a problem when Monarda are stressed; this is usually when they are too dry at the roots, as they are moisture lovers.  In West Wales, this is not an issue, but gardeners in the East of the country should be aware that Monarda will need watering, with rainwater preferably, in times of drought.

 

 

Piet Oudolf has been instrumental in developed more mildew resistant cultivars.  The horoscope range are reasonable, with Pisces being a Glyn Bach favourite. All cultivars containing the suffix Lace  are beautiful and worth growing:-  Pink Lace, Sugar Lace, Cranberry Lace and Purple Lace.  

 

Any Monarda which is purple or white coloured are usually fistulosa crosses so tolerant of drier conditions.

 

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We currently have 88 cultivars and do propagate plants for sale.  

 

A full list is available in RHS Plant Finder or by email.  Please ask for a copy via

 

                                              carole_whittaker@hotmail.com

 

Note:  Plants will only be available for collection until 2019 when we reopen the gardens.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The essential oil components of the leaves have been used to determine genetic relationships between species (Scora 1967).

 

Plants of a given species from different geographical regions may, however, yield strikingly different oils. Monarda fistulosa L., native to the Canadian prairies, is drought tolerant, winter hardy, and may yield an essential oil high in geraniol content (Marshall and Scora 1972; Mazza et al. 1987).

 

When this native species is crossed with M. didyma, vigorous hybrids, yielding essential oils rich in geraniol, linalool, thymol, carvacrol, 1,8-cineole, and other terpenes can be produced. In the present study, the content and composition of the nitrogen extracted volatiles and hydrodistillated oils from eight winter-hardy, powdery mildew, and rust-resistant hybrids were determined, with the aim of developing new alternative crops for Canadian agriculture.

 

Geraniol     - natural alcohol which attracts bees but repels mosquitoes

Linalool     - terpene alcohol which produces scent, insect repellent and    

                     downstream vitamin E

Thymol     -   antiseptic and preservative

Carvacrol  -  inhibiter

Cineole      -  expectorant – expels mucus from respiratory tract infections

Monarda is native to the USA and was well known to the Native Americans for its health giving properties.

 

 

Below is some of the source material which carole uses in her Monarda talks