GenusEpithetVarietyColourHeight

 

MonardadidymaAdamPure Red120cm

 

MonardadidymaAquariusViolet90cm

 

MonardadidymaBeauty of CobhamPale Pink/Burgundy calyx90 - 120cm

 

MonardaPunctataBlue BeebalmYellow with puple spots90 cm

 

MonardadidymaBlue StockingViolet Blue60 - 90cm

 

MonardadidymaCambridge ScarletScarlet90 - 100cm

 

MonardadidymaCoral ReefLight and dark Pink60cm

 

MonardadidymaCranberry LaceRich Magenta60cm

 

MonardadidymaCroftway PinkPink60cm

 

MonardadidymaDidymaPink and Red100 - 150cm              

 

MonardadidymaEarl GreyDeep Red/Crimson Bracts60 -75cm

 

MonardadidymaElsies LavenderRich Lavender60 cm

 

MonardapunctataFantasyPink with Yellow centre100 - 120cm

 

MonardadidymaFireballBright Carmine90 - 120cm

 

MonardadidymaGardenview ScarletBright Red120 - 140cm

 

MonardadidymaGeminiDusky Red Flowers90cm

 

MonardadidymaGewitterwolkeDark Red/Purple90cm

 

MonardadidymaHartswood WineRich Purple60cm

 

MonardadidymaJacob ClineFiery Red60 - 90cm

 

MonardadidymaKardinalPlum Red90cm

 

MonardadidymaLibraPink80cm

 

MonardadidymaLoddon CrownReddish Purple/Brown calyx120 - 150cm

 

MonardadidymaMahoganyRed with Pink90cm

 

MonardadidymaMarshalls DelightDeep Pink80 -100cm

 

MonardadidymaMelissaRose Pink/Purple calyx90 - 110 cm

 

MonardadidymaMohawkViolet with Lavender centre90 - 120cm

 

MonardadidymaPanoramaBright Red60 - 90cm

 

MonardadidymaPink LacePink tinged with Purple40cm

 

MonardadidymaPink SupremeCerise Pink75 - 90cm

 

MonardadidymaPink TourmalineRaspberry Pink90cm

 

MonardadidymaPiscesPink edged with dark Pink60cm

 

MonardadidymaPrarie NightLilac/Purple120cm

 

MonardadidymaRuby GlowDark Pink80cm

 

MonardadidymaSagittauriusDeep Carmine Red60cm

 

MonardaPunctataSaxon PurplePlum Purple

 

MonardadidymaSchneewitchenPure White90cm

 

MonardadidymaScorpionPurple/Red90 - 120cm

 

MonardadidymaSiouxWhite with Pink edges60cm

 

MonardadidymaSnow QueenWhite80cm

 

MonardadidymaSquawBright Red90 - 120cm

 

MonardadidymaSugar LaceLight and dark Pink60 cm

 

MonardadidymaVintage WineWine Red90 - 120cm

 

MonardadidymaViolet QueenDeep Purple90cm

 

 

 Glyn Bach Gardens  (Gerddi Glyn Bach)

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Glyn Bach Gardens holds a National Collection of Monarda; these beautiful plants grow well in the warm, wet,  climate of West Wales.  They are used throughout the garden to provide colour, form and nectar for our diverse and plentiful population of long tongued bumble bees.  Short tongued bumble bees access the nectaries by chewing through the base of the petal and ocassionally, the honey bees access the nector via the same hole.

 

Didyma species are usually red in colour and grow best in damp conditions.  They originate from the New York swamp lands around the Oswego river.

 

Fistulosa species are the largest grouping and are white, pink and lilac, violet and purple predominately; these grow in moist to dry conditions.  We grow them in our hillside borders as they dislike winter wet; in the American prairies where they originate from, they are kept protected and dry under a thick snow layer. On a slope, the winter wet rolls away and replicates these conditions.

 

Monarda are not difficult to grow if given the right conditions.  They require good fertile soil and should be fed with a good fertiliser such as Extract of Seaweed.  Regular feeding from May onwards helps to avoid the dreaded powdery mildew.  If plants do succumb, spray with a mix of 1 litre of water, 1/2 tsp Bicarbonate of Soda, 1/2 tsp Washing up Liquid (we use Fairy Apple) and 1/2 tsp Wood oil (We use Murphy's Wood oil but Ikea Danish Oil is okay).  Do not mulch as they like to spread out via basal growth.

 

Cut the plants back to ground level in winter to avoid wind rock.  As most cultivars are sterile, there is no benefit to wild life for keeping the seed heads on.

 

Divide plants in Spring when there is good basal growth.  After 3 years, Monarda will exhaust the soil of nutrients so it is advisable to dig them and replant them, or replenish the soil around them.

 

In the wild, Monarda fistulosa species stems fall over and spread along the ground, putting on adventitious roots, so the plants are not tall.  In cultivation, plants are bred to be upright so some cultivars will require staking.

List of Monarda  cultivars held:-

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